Cookies?
Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

Projections of multi-morbidity in the older population in England to 2035: estimates from the Population Ageing and Care Simulation (PACSim) model

Kingston, Andrew and Robinson, Louise and Booth, Heather and Knapp, Martin and Jagger, Carol (2018) Projections of multi-morbidity in the older population in England to 2035: estimates from the Population Ageing and Care Simulation (PACSim) model. Age and Ageing. ISSN 0002-0729 (In Press)

[img] Text - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Background Models projecting future disease burden have focussed on one or two diseases. Little is known on how risk factors of younger cohorts will play out in the future burden of multi-morbidity (two or more concurrent long-term conditions). Design A dynamic microsimulation model, the Population Ageing and Care Simulation (PACSim) model, simulates the characteristics (sociodemographic factors, health behaviours, chronic diseases and geriatric conditions) of individuals over the period 2014 to 2040. Population 303589 individuals aged 35 years and over (a 1% random sample of the 2014 England population) created from Understanding Society, the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, and the Cognitive Function and Ageing Study II. Main outcome measures The prevalence of, numbers with, and years lived with, chronic diseases, geriatric conditions, and multi-morbidity. Results Between 2015 and 2035, multi-morbidity prevalence is estimated to increase, the proportion with 4+ diseases almost doubling (2015:9.8%; 2035:17.0%) and two-thirds of those with 4+ diseases will have mental ill-health (dementia, depression, cognitive impairment no dementia). Multi-morbidity prevalence in incoming cohorts aged 65-74 years will rise (2015:45.7%; 2035:52.8%). Life expectancy gains (men 3.6 years, women: 2.9 years) will be spent mostly with 4+ diseases (men: 2.4 years, 65.9%; women: 2.5 years, 85.2%), resulting from increased prevalence of rather than longer survival with multi-morbidity. Conclusions Our findings indicate that over the next twenty years there will be an expansion of morbidity, particularly complex multi-morbidity (4+ diseases). We advocate for a new focus on prevention of, and appropriate and efficient service provision for those with, complex multi-morbidity.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://academic.oup.com/ageing
Additional Information: © 2018 The Author
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Sets: Research centres and groups > Personal Social Services Research Unit (PSSRU)
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2018 11:14
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2018 11:16
Projects: ES/L001896/1
Funders: Economic and Social Research Council, National Institute for Health Research
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/86480

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics