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Parents, schools and human capital differences across countries

De Philippis, Marta and Rossi, Frederico (2016) Parents, schools and human capital differences across countries. CFM discussion paper series (CFM-DP2016-14). Centre For Macroeconomics, London, UK.

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Results from international standardized tests show large cross-country differences in students’ performances. Where do these gaps come from? This paper argues that differences in cultural environments and parental inputs may be of great importance. We show that the school performance of second generation immigrants is closely related with the one of native students in their parents’ countries of origin. This holds true even after accounting for different family background characteristics, schools attended and selection into immigration. We quantify the overall contribution of various parental inputs to the observed cross-country differences in the PISA test performance, and show that they account for about 40% of the gap between East Asia and other regions. This pattern questions whether PISA scores should be interpreted only as a quality measure for a country’s educational system. They actually contain an important intergenerational and cultural component.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2016 The Authors
Divisions: Centre for Macroeconomics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Sets: Research centres and groups > Centre for Macroeconomics
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2017 09:39
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2020 00:39

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