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Is inflation default? The role of information in debt crises

Bassetto, Marco and Galli, Carlo (2017) Is inflation default? The role of information in debt crises. CFM discussion paper series (CFM-DP2017-15). Centre For Macroeconomics, London, UK.

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Abstract

We consider a two-period Bayesian trading game where in each period informed agents decide whether to buy an asset (“government debt”) after observing an idiosyncratic signal about the prospects of default. While second-period buyers only need to forecast default, first-period buyers pass the asset to the new agents in the secondary market, and thus need to form beliefs about the price that will prevail at that stage. We provide conditions such that coarser information in the hands of second-period agents makes the price of debt more resilient to bad shocks not only in the last period, but in the first one as well. We use this model to study the consequences of issuing debt denominated in domestic vs. foreign currency: we interpret the former as subject to inflation risk and the latter as subject to default risk, with inflation driven by the information of a less-sophisticated group of agents endowed with less precise information, and default by the information of sophisticated bond traders. Our results can be used to account for the behavior of debt prices across countries following the 2008 financial crisis, and also provide a theory of “original sin.”

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: http://www.centreformacroeconomics.ac.uk/Home.aspx
Additional Information: © 2017 The Authors
Divisions: Centre for Macroeconomics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
JEL classification: E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment > E22 - Capital; Investment (including Inventories); Capacity
Sets: Research centres and groups > Centre for Macroeconomics
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2017 10:03
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2019 23:04
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/86160

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