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Better open than intellectual: The benefits of investment personality traits for learning.

von Stumn, Sophie (2017) Better open than intellectual: The benefits of investment personality traits for learning. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. ISSN 0146-1672 (In Press)

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Abstract

The investment theory of adult intelligence posits that individual differences in knowledge attainment result from people’s differences in cognitive ability and their propensity to apply and invest that ability, which is referred to as investment personality traits. Here, we differentiated intellectual (i.e., intellectual curiosity) and non-intellectual investment (i.e., openness to experience), and we tested their respective predictive validity for knowledge attainment in four independent lab-based studies (overall N = 649). Openness to experience was positively associated with knowledge attainment across all four studies, and this effect was by and large independent of cognitive ability. By contrast, intellectual curiosity was not related to knowledge attainment. The findings suggest that openness to experience, rather than intellectual curiosity, is the investment personality trait that broadly benefits learning and adult intelligence.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://spsp.org/publications/personality-and-socia...
Additional Information: © 2017 Society for Personality and Social Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Sets: Departments > Psychological and Behavioural Science
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2017 13:36
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2017 12:07
Projects: RFP-15-03; Jacobs Research Foundation Fellowship 2017-2019, Eysenck Memorial Award 2012
Funders: Jacobs Research Foundation Fellowship 2017-2019, Imagination Institute; Jacobs Foundation
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/85636

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