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Mortgage debt and entrepreneurship

Bracke, Philippe and Hilber, Christian A. L. and Silva, Olmo (2018) Mortgage debt and entrepreneurship. Journal of Urban Economics, 103. pp. 52-66. ISSN 0094-1190

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jue.2017.10.003

Abstract

We study the link between mortgage debt and entrepreneurship using a model of occupational choice and housing tenure in a setting where loans are recourse|like in the UK and several US states. Our model shows that as long as the mortgage interest rate exceeds the risk-free rate: (i) mortgage debt diminishes the likelihood of entrepreneurship by amplifying risk aversion; and (ii) the negative relation between mortgage debt and entrepreneurship increases with income volatility. Our model also shows that the link between housing equity and entrepreneurship is ambiguously signed because of competing portfolio and wealth effects. We use the British Household Panel Survey to test and confirm the model predictions, and deal with unobservable heterogeneity employing three research designs | individual fixed effects, housing-spell fixed effects, and instrumental variables. A one standard deviation increase in leverage reduces the probability of entrepreneurship by 10-20 percent

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-urban...
Additional Information: © 2017 The Authors CC-BY
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD61 Risk Management
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Sets: Departments > Geography and Environment
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2017 10:04
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2018 14:31
Projects: ES/J021342/1
Funders: Economic and Social Research Council
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/84703

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