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Scientific and non-scientific information in the uptake of health information: The case of Ebola

Falade, Bankole A. and Coultas, Clare (2017) Scientific and non-scientific information in the uptake of health information: The case of Ebola. South African Journal of Science, 113 (7/8). pp. 1-8.

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Identification Number: 10.17159/sajs.2017/20160359

Abstract

The Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa (2013–2016) claimed over 10 000 lives in less than 18 months. Low levels of familiarity with the disease, ease of transmission, scale of infection, gruesomeness of symptoms, lack of cure and high fatality rate created a global panic. From the perspective of the social psychology of communication and content analysis, this study examines media coverage of the crisis in Africa with a view to unpacking the scientific and non-scientific information that may have framed public understanding of the disease. Findings show that accepting scientific advice was not unproblematic, because of the similarity of early symptoms with known diseases such as Lassa, dengue and malaria fevers. Cultural and religious actors and beliefs posed a paradox for believers as the public assimilated disease prevention information into existing norms and practices. Rumours and conspiracy theories about Western governments and pharmaceuticals also contributed to the rejection of the scientific explanation of its origin. Fear of the devastating effects of the disease and the lack of a cure led to the stigmatisation of the infected and treatment centres and ultimately to public revolts. Findings show the importance of non-scientific information and actors in matters of health and illness in Africa.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.sajs.co.za/
Additional Information: © 2017 The Authors © CC BY 4.0
Divisions: Psychological and Behavioural Science
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Sets: Departments > Psychological and Behavioural Science
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2017 08:53
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2020 02:31
Projects: ES/K005820/1
Funders: Economic and Social Research Council
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/83716

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