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A structural model of the retail market for illicit drugs

Galenianos, Manolis and Gavazza, Alessandro (2017) A structural model of the retail market for illicit drugs. Journal of Banking and Finance. ISSN 0378-4266

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We estimate a model of illicit drugs markets using data on purchases of crack cocaine. Buyers are searching for high-quality drugs, but they determine drugs’ quality (i.e., their purity) only after consuming them. Hence, sellers can rip off first-time buyers or can offer higher-quality drugs to induce buyers to purchase from them again. In equilibrium, a distribution of qualities persists. The estimated model implies that if drugs were legalized, in which case purity could be regulated and hence observable, the average purity of drugs would increase by approximately 20 percent and the dispersion would decrease by approximately 80 percent. Moreover, increasing penalties may raise the purity and affordability of the drugs traded by increasing sellers’ relative profitability of targeting loyal buyers versus first-time buyers

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2017 Elsevier
Divisions: Economics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Sets: Departments > Economics
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2017 09:54
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2019 12:12

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