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From hybrid peace to human security: rethinking EU strategy toward conflict. The Berlin report of the Human Security Study Group presented to High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs & Security Policy Federica Mogherini

Andersson, Ruben, Arnould, Valerie, Bojicic-Dzelilovic, Vesna, Darmois, Emmanuel, de Waal, Alex, Giumelli, Francesco, Haid, Mustafa, Ibreck, Rachel, Kaldor, Mary, Kandic, Natasa, Kellner, Anna Maria, Kostovicova, Denisa ORCID: 0000-0002-6243-4379, Mac Ginty, Roger, Martin, Mary, Mylovanov, Tymofiy, Randazzo, Elisa, Rangelov, Iavor, Richmond, Olivier, Schmeder, Genevieve, Selchow, Sabine, Solana, Javier, Theros, Marika, Toaldo, Mattia, Turkmani, Rim and Vlassenroot, Koen (2016) From hybrid peace to human security: rethinking EU strategy toward conflict. The Berlin report of the Human Security Study Group presented to High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs & Security Policy Federica Mogherini. . Department of International Development, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

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This report proposes that the European Union adopts a second generation human security approach to conflicts, as an alternative to Geo-Politics or the War on Terror. Second generation human security takes forward the principles of human security and adapts them to 21st century realities. The report argues that the EU is a new type of 21st century political institution in contrast to 20th century nation-states. Twentieth-century nation states were based on a clear distinction between inside and outside. Typical outside instruments were state-to-state diplomacy or economic and military coercion. Typical inside instruments are the rule of law, politics, and policing. In today’s complex, contested and connected world, outside instruments do not work; they backfire and make things worse. Human security is about extending the inside beyond the EU. Hybrid Peace is what happens when 20th century peace-making is applied in contemporary conflicts. Contemporary conflicts have to be understood not as Clausewitzean contests of will between two sides with legitimate goals but as a sort of predatory social condition in which networks of armed groups instrumentalise extremists identities and enrich themselves through violence. Up to now, the EU has focussed on top-down peace-making, humanitarian assistance and post-conflict reconstruction. These policies can easily be subverted because they can end up entrenching criminalised extremist networks. Second generation human security is about establishing legitimate political authority and legitimate livelihoods to counter this predatory social condition. It encompasses multi-layer, incremental and inclusive peace processes with particular emphasis on support for local ceasefires and civil society; security assistance in establishing safe areas and safe corridors and protecting individuals and their communities; economic measures including justice to undercut the illegal economy. Second generation human security involves continuous engagement so as to combine prevention, early warning, crisis response and reconstruction as intertwined activities, and places emphasis on gender so as to oppose the extreme gender relations that are constructed in contemporary wars. The instruments of second generation human security include:  Creative diplomacy at all levels including smart multilateralism  An emphasis on justice across the entire spectrum of abuse and criminality prevalent in today’s conflicts  The use of smart sanctions where they involve engagement with civil society, impact monitoring, and compliance with international law  Conditionality aimed at countering predation, corruption, sectarianism and impunity rather than introducing neo-liberal reforms  Civilian-led missions that include some combination of humanitarian workers, human rights monitors, legal experts, police and where needed military forces, and that involve both men and women

Item Type: Monograph (Report)
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2016 The Authors
Divisions: International Development
Subjects: J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Date Deposited: 24 May 2017 10:04
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2021 23:16

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