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The geography of innovation in China and India

Crescenzi, Riccardo ORCID: 0000-0003-0465-9796 and Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés ORCID: 0000-0002-8041-0856 (2017) The geography of innovation in China and India. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 41 (6). pp. 1010-1027. ISSN 0309-1317

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Identification Number: 10.1111/1468-2427.12554


The BRICs, in general, and China and India, in particular, are now widely regarded as the areas of the world likely to challenge the economic leadership of the United States (US) and the European Union (EU). A large part of this challenge will come from a rapid technological catch up by China and India. Yet, despite a recent rise in interest, there is still limited knowledge about how and where innovation takes place in these two leading emerging countries and to what extent the Chinese and Indian territorial systems of innovation differ from those in the EU or the US. In this paper we explore the geography of innovation in China and India, concentrating on understanding key territorial-level innovation trends by country, region and technology field and using the US and the EU as benchmarks. We find significant contrasts between the geography of innovation in China and India and that of the US and the EU. First, the degree of concentration of innovative activities in both countries is extremely high. The agglomeration of innovation in the coastal provinces of China and in Delhi and the south of India significantly exceeds levels of agglomeration found in the USA and the EU. Second, China has witnessed a more rapid increase in the degree of concentration of innovation than India. We posit that the differences in the geography of innovation between, on the one hand, China and India and, on the other, between these countries and the developed world are rooted in different institutional settings, different systems of innovation and different national innovation strategies.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2017 Urban Research Publications Limited
Divisions: European Institute
Geography & Environment
Spatial Economics Research Centre
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2017 12:41
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2024 01:39

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