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Subjective social status, social network and health disparities: empirical evidence from Greece

Charonis, Antonios, Kyriopoulos, Ilias-Ioannis, Spanakis, Manos, Zavras, Dimitris, Athanasakis, Kostas, Pavi, Elpida and Kyriopoulos, John (2017) Subjective social status, social network and health disparities: empirical evidence from Greece. International Journal for Equity in Health, 16 (40). pp. 1-7. ISSN 1475-9276

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Identification Number: 10.1186/s12939-017-0533-y

Abstract

Background Several studies suggest that socioeconomic status affects (SES) affects self-rated health (SRH), both in Greece and internationally. However, prior research mainly uses objective measures of SES, instead of subjective evaluations of individuals’ social status. Based on this, this paper aims to examine (a) the impact of the economic dowturn on SRH in Greece and (b) the relationship between subjective social status (SSS), social network and SRH. Methods The descriptive analysis is based on four cross-sectional surveys conducted by the National School of Public Health, Athens, Greece (2002, 2006, 2011, 2015), while the data for the empirical investigation were derived from the 2015 survey (Health + Welfare Survey GR). The empirical strategy is based on an ordinal logistic regression model, aiming to examine how several variables affect SRH. Size of social network and SSS are among the independent variables employed for the empirical analysis Results According to our findings, average SRH has deteriorated, and the percentage of the population that reports very good/good SRH has also decreased. Moreover, our empirical analysis suggests that age, existence of a chronic disease, size of social network and SSS affect SRH in Greece. Conclusion Our findings are consistent with the existing literature and confirm a social gradient in health. According to our analysis, health disparities can be largely attributed to socioeconomic inequalities. The adverse economic climate has impact on socioeconomic differences which in turn affect health disparities. Based on these, policy initiatives are necessasy in order to mitigate the negative impact on health and the disparities caused by economic dowturn and the occuring socioeconomic inequalities.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://equityhealthj.biomedcentral.com/
Additional Information: © 2017 The Authors © CC BY 4.0
Divisions: LSE
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Sets: Research centres and groups > LSE Health and Social Care
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2017 15:41
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2020 02:26
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/70070

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