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A dual systems account of visual perception: predicting candy consumption from distance estimates

Krpan, Dario ORCID: 0000-0002-3420-4672 and Schnall, Simone (2017) A dual systems account of visual perception: predicting candy consumption from distance estimates. Acta Psychologica, 175. pp. 1-12. ISSN 0001-6918

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2017.02.005


A substantial amount of evidence shows that visual perception is influenced by forces that control human actions, ranging from motivation to physiological potential. However, studies have not yet provided convincing evidence that perception itself is directly involved in everyday behaviors such as eating. We suggest that this issue can be resolved by employing the dual systems account of human behavior. We tested the link between perceived distance to candies and their consumption for participants who were tired or depleted (impulsive system), versus those who were not (reflective system). Perception predicted eating only when participants were tired (Experiment 1) or depleted (Experiments 2 and 3). In contrast, a rational determinant of behavior—eating restraint towards candies—predicted eating for non-depleted individuals (Experiment 2). Finally, Experiment 3 established that perceived distance was correlated with participants' self-reported motivation to consume candies. Overall, these findings suggest that the dynamics between perception and behavior depend on the interplay of the two behavioral systems.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2017 Elsevier
Divisions: Social Policy
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2017 13:16
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2021 01:49

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