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The paradox of land reform, inequality and development in Colombia

Faguet, Jean-Paul, Sánchez, Fabio and Villaveces, Marta-Juanita (2017) The paradox of land reform, inequality and development in Colombia. International Development Working Paper Series (17-181). London School of Economics and Political Science, International Development Department, London, UK.

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Abstract

Over two centuries, Colombia transferred vast quantities of land, equivalent to the entire UK landmass, mainly to landless peasants. And yet Colombia retains one of the highest concentrations of land ownership in the world. Why? We show that land reform’s effects are highly bimodal. Most of Colombia’s 1100+ municipalities lack a landed elite. Here, rural properties grew larger, land inequality and dispersion fell, and development indicators improved. But in municipalities where such an elite does exist and landholding is highly concentrated, such positive effects are counteracted, resulting in smaller rural properties, greater dispersion, and lower levels of development. We show that all of these effects – positive and negative – flow through local policy, which elites distort to benefit themselves. Our evidence implies that land reform’s second-order effects, on the distribution of local power, are more important than its first-order effects on the distribution of land.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Official URL: http://www.lse.ac.uk/internationalDevelopment/publ...
Additional Information: © 2017 The Authors
Divisions: International Development
Subjects: F History United States, Canada, Latin America > F1201 Latin America (General)
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD100 Land Use
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Sets: Departments > International Development
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2017 10:04
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 00:00
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/69207

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