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Community based adaptation

Forsyth, Tim (2017) Community based adaptation. In: von Storch, Hans, (ed.) Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

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Abstract

Community-based adaptation to climate change (CBA) is an approach to adaptation that aims to include vulnerable people in the design and implementation of adaptation measures. The most obvious forms of CBA include simple, but accessible, technologies such as storage of freshwater during flooding, or raising the level of houses near the sea. It can also include more complex forms of social and economic resilience such as increasing access to a wider range of livelihoods, or reducing the vulnerability of social groups who are especially exposed to climate risks. CBA has been promoted by some development non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and international agencies as a means of demonstrating the importance of participatory and deliberative methods within adaptation to climate change, and the role of longer-term development and social empowerment as ways of reducing vulnerability to climate change. Critics, however, have argued that focusing on “community” initiatives can often be romantic, and give the mistaken impression that communities are homogeneous when in fact they contain many inequalities and social exclusions. Accordingly, many analysts see CBA as an important, but insufficient, step towards the representation of vulnerable local people within a broader transformation to socially inclusive forms of climate change policy.

Item Type: Book Section
Official URL: http://climatescience.oxfordre.com/
Additional Information: © 2017 Oxford University Press
Divisions: International Development
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
Sets: Departments > International Development
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2017 15:58
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2019 00:45
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/68887

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