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A health 'Kuznets' curve'? Cross-section and longitudinal evidence on concentration indices

Costa-Font, Joan ORCID: 0000-0001-7174-7919, Hernández-Quevedo, Cristina and Sato, Azusa (2018) A health 'Kuznets' curve'? Cross-section and longitudinal evidence on concentration indices. Social Indicators Research, 136 (2). pp. 439-452. ISSN 0303-8300

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Identification Number: 10.1007/s11205-017-1558-8


The distribution of income related health inequalities appears to exhibit changing patterns when both developing countries and developed countries are examined. This paper tests for the existence of a health Kuznets' curve, that is an inverse U-shape pattern between economic developments measured by GDP per capita) and income-related health inequalities (as measured by concentration indices). We draw upon both cross section (the World Health Survey) and a long longitudinal (the European Community Household Panel survey) dataset. Our results suggest evidence of a health Kuznets' curve on per capita income. Our findings point towards the existence of a polynomial association where inequalities decline when GDP per capita reaches a magnitude ranging between $26,000 and $38,700.That is, income-related health inequalities rise with GDP per capita, but tail off once a threshold level of economic development has been attained.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2017 The Authors © CC BY 4.0
Divisions: Social Policy
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
JEL classification: I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I18 - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2017 10:03
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 01:21

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