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What drives employment growth and social inclusion in the regions of the European Union?

Di Cataldo, Marco and Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés (2017) What drives employment growth and social inclusion in the regions of the European Union? Regional Studies, 51 (12). pp. 1840-1859. ISSN 0034-3404

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Identification Number: 10.1080/00343404.2016.1255320

Abstract

The European Union promotes development strategies aimed at producing growth with “a strong emphasis on job creation and poverty reduction”. However, whether the economic conditions in place in EU regions are ideal for the generation of high- and low-skilled employment and labour market inclusion is unclear. This paper assesses how the key factors behind EU growth strategies – infrastructure, human capital, innovation, quality of government – condition employment generation and labour market exclusion in European regions. The findings indicate that the dynamics of employment and social exclusion vary depending on the conditions in place in a region. While higher innovation and education contribute to overall employment generation in some regional contexts, low-skilled employment grows the most in regions with a better quality of government. Regional public institutions, together with the endowment of human capital, emerge as the main factors for the reduction of labour market exclusion – particularly in the less developed regions – and the promotion of inclusive employment growth across Europe.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/cres20/current
Additional Information: © 2017 Regional Studies Association
Divisions: Geography & Environment
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
J Political Science > JZ International relations
JEL classification: J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J64 - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O5 - Economywide Country Studies > O52 - Europe
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R2 - Household Analysis > R23 - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
Sets: Departments > Geography and Environment
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2016 16:50
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2018 12:44
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/68509

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