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Natural disasters and alternative modes of governance: the role of social networks and crowdsourcing platforms in Russia

Asmolov, Gregory (2014) Natural disasters and alternative modes of governance: the role of social networks and crowdsourcing platforms in Russia. In: Livingston, Steven and Walter-Drop, G., (eds.) Bits and Atoms. Information and Communication Technology in Areas of Limited Statehood. Oxford University Press, New York, USA, pp. 98-114. ISBN 9780199941599

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Identification Number: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199941599.003.0007

Abstract

The chapter explores the role of ICT for emergency response in areas of limited statehood. It addresses whether ICT can make the crowd not only a resource for emergency response but also an actor in that response, capable of developing alternative modes of governance. Relying on the analysis of two case studies of natural disasters in Russia, the chapter argues that ICT provides new opportunities for the organization of large-scale collective action, making it possible for volunteers to play a dominant independent role in emergency response. The role of citizen collective action in emergency situations depends on the attitude of the state actors toward horizontal citizen structures. The chapter suggests that if the state is open to the synergy of formal and informal structures, the role of citizens will be embedded within the institutional response; if the state ignores or restricts networked volunteers, alternative modes of governance emerge.

Item Type: Book Section
Official URL: http://global.oup.com/?cc=gb
Additional Information: © 2014 Oxford University Press
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DK Russia. Soviet Union. Former Soviet Republics
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
Sets: Departments > Media and Communications
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2016 13:51
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2016 14:10
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/68004

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