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A sublinear-time approximation scheme for bin packing

Batu, Tugkan, Berenbrink, Petra and Sohler, Christian (2007) A sublinear-time approximation scheme for bin packing. LSE-CDAM-2007-33. London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

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Abstract

The bin packing problem is defined as follows: given a set of n items with sizes 01,w2,..., wn≤ 1, find a packing of these items into minimum number of unit-size bins possible. We present a sublinear-time asymptotic approximation scheme for the bin packing problem; that is, for any ε>0, we present an algorithm Aε that has sampling access to the input instance and outputs a value k such that Copt≤ k≤ (1+ε) Copt+1, where Copt is the cost of an optimal solution. It is clear that uniform sampling by itself will not allow a sublinear-time algorithm in this setting; a small number of items might constitute most of the total weight and uniform samples will not hit them. In this work we use weighted samples, where item i is sampled with probability proportional to its weight: that is, with probability wi/∑i wi. In the presence of weighted samples, the approximation algorithm runs in O(n1/2 poly(log(n)/ε)) + g(1/ε) time, where g(x) is an exponential function of x. When both weighted and uniform sampling are allowed, O(n1/3 poly(log(n)/ε)) + g(1/ε) time suffices. In addition to an approximate value to Copt, our algorithm can also output a constant-size ``template'' of a packing that can later be used to find a near-optimal packing in linear time.

Item Type: Monograph (Report)
Official URL: http://www.cdam.lse.ac.uk/Reports/
Additional Information: © 2007 London school of economics and political science
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Sets: Departments > Mathematics
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: LSE-CDAM-2007-33
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2008 08:31
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/6717/

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