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Gender, education and Russia’s tobacco epidemic: a life-course approach

Quirmbach, Diana and Gerry, Christopher J. (2016) Gender, education and Russia’s tobacco epidemic: a life-course approach. Social Science & Medicine, 160. pp. 54-66. ISSN 0277-9536

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.05.008


While a number of studies, based on cross-sectional data for Russia, have documented strong increases in female smoking during the past two decades, the analysis of longer-term trends in smoking prevalence is hampered by the lack of representative data for the Soviet era. In this paper we create life-course smoking histories based on retrospective data from the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of HSE (RLMS-HSE) and the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) which allow us to examine the dynamics of smoking patterns over the past 7 decades. We find that smoking rates differ most strongly by gender within all cohorts, but that this differential has decreased over time, driven by increases in female smoking and more recently by decreases in smoking among men. For both genders we observe that the education gradient has become steeper over time, with smoking rates having increased at a higher rate among those with the lowest educational attainment. These findings suggest that the development of smoking in Russia mirrors that described in the model of the tobacco epidemic and observed in Western high-income countries.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
Divisions: Social Policy
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DK Russia. Soviet Union. Former Soviet Republics
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2016 10:43
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 02:23

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