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The Governance of multi-use platforms at sea forenergy production and aquaculture: challenges forpolicy makers in European seas

Stuiver, Marian, Soma, Katrine, Koundouri, Phoebe, van den Burg, Sander, Gerritsen, Alwin, Harkamp, Thorbjørn, Dalsgaard, Niels, Zagonari, Fabio, Guanche, Raul, Schouten, Jan-Joost, Hommes, Saskia, Giannouli, Amerissa, Söderqvist, Tore, Rosen, Lars, Garção, Rita, Norrman, Jenny, Röckmann, Christine, de Bel, Mark, Zanuttigh, Barbara, Petersen, Ole and Møhlenberg, Flemming (2016) The Governance of multi-use platforms at sea forenergy production and aquaculture: challenges forpolicy makers in European seas. Sustainability, 8 (4). pp. 1-19. ISSN 2071-1050

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Identification Number: 10.3390/su8040333

Abstract

European seas are encountering an upsurge in competing marine activities and infrastructures. Traditional exploitation such as fisheries, tourism, transportation, and oil production are accompanied by new sustainable economic activities such as offshore windfarms, aquaculture, and tidal and wave energy. One proposed solution to overcome possible competing claims at sea lies in combining these economic activities as part of Multi-Use Platforms at Sea (MUPS). MUPS can be understood as areas at sea, designated for a combination of activities, either completely integrated in a platform or in shared marine space. MUPS can potentially benefit from each other in terms of infrastructure, maintenance, etc. Developing MUPS in the marine environment demands adequate governance. In this article, we investigate four European sites to find out how governance arrangements may facilitate or complicate MUPs. In particular, we apply a framework specifying policy, economic, social, technical, environmental, and legal (PESTEL) factors to explore governance arrangements in four case study sites in different sea basins around Europe (the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, and the Baltic Sea). The article concludes with policy recommendations on a governance regime for facilitating the development of MUPS in the future.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability
Additional Information: © 2016 The Authors
Divisions: Grantham Research Institute
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Sets: Research centres and groups > Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment
Date Deposited: 23 May 2016 08:47
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2019 02:25
Projects: 288710
Funders: Seventh Framework Programme
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/66579

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