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Health promotion methods for smoking prevention and cessation: a comprehensive review of effectiveness and the way forward

Golechha, Mahaveer (2016) Health promotion methods for smoking prevention and cessation: a comprehensive review of effectiveness and the way forward. International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 7 (7). ISSN 2008-7802

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Identification Number: 10.4103/2008-7802.173797

Abstract

Tobacco smoking is one of the greatest causes of mortality in the world, responsible for over 5 million deaths per annum. The prevalence of smoking is over 1 billion people, with the majority coming from low or middle income countries. Yet, the incidence of smoking varies vastly between many countries. Some countries have been able to decline the smoking and tobacco related morbidity and mortality through the introduction of health promotion initiatives and effective policies in order to combat tobacco usage. However, on the other hand, in some countries, the incidence of smoking is increasing still further. With the growing body of evidence of detriment of tobacco to health, many control policies have been implemented as health promotion actions. Such methods include taxation of smoking, mass advertising campaigns in the media, peer education programs, community mobilization, motivational interviewing, health warnings on tobacco products, marketing restrictions, and banning smoking in public places. However, the review of the effectiveness of various health promotion methods used for smoking prevention and cessation is lacking. Therefore, the aim of this review is to identify and critically review the effectiveness of health promotion methods used for smoking prevention and cessation. All available studies and reports published were considered. Searches were conducted using PubMed, MEDLINE, Ovid, Karger, ProQuest, Sage Journals, Science Direct, Springer, Taylor and Francis, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane and Wiley Online Library. Various relevant search terms and keywords were used. After considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria, we selected 23 articles for the present review.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://ijpm.mui.ac.ir/index.php/ijpm
Additional Information: © 2016 The Author © CC BY 4.0
Divisions: LSE Health
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Sets: Research centres and groups > LSE Health
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2016 14:24
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2019 11:36
Funders: Wellcome Trust
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/65278

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