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Structuring effect of tools conceptualized through initial goal fixedness for work activity

Fauquet-Alekhine, Philippe and Boucherand, Anne (2015) Structuring effect of tools conceptualized through initial goal fixedness for work activity. Cognition, Technology and Work, 18 (1). pp. 145-160. ISSN 1435-5558

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Identification Number: 10.1007/s10111-015-0351-1

Abstract

Analysis of work activities in nuclear industry has highlighted a new psycho-cognitive phenomenon: the structuring effect of tools (SET) sometimes leading to unexpected operating deviations; the subject is unable to perform a task concerning object A using or adapting a tool designed and presented to perform the same task concerning object B when object A is expected by the subject. Conditions to isolate and identify the SET were determined and reproduced in experiments for further analysis. Students and seven professional categories of adults (N = 77) were involved in three experimental conditions (control group, group with prior warning, group with final control) while individually performing a task with similar characteristics compared to real operating conditions and under moderate time-pressure. The results were: (1) highest performance with prior warning and (2) demonstration that academic and professional training favor the SET. After discussing different cognitive processes potentially related to the SET, we described (3) the psycho-cognitive process underlying the SET: Initial Goal Fixedness (IGF), a combination of the anchoring of the initial goal of the activity with a focus on the features of the initial goal favored by an Einstellung effect. This suggested coping with the negative effect of the SET by impeding the IGF rather than trying to increase the subjects’ awareness at the expense of their health. Extensions to other high-risk industries were discussed.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://link.springer.com/journal/10111
Additional Information: © 2015 Springer-Verlag London
Divisions: Psychological and Behavioural Science
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Sets: Departments > Social Psychology
Departments > Psychological and Behavioural Science
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2016 10:20
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2019 02:46
Funders: Electricité de France, Electricité de France
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/65269

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