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Production versus revenue efficiency with limited tax capacity: theory and evidence from Pakistan

Best, Michael Carlos, Brockmeyer, Anne, Kleven, Henrik Jacobsen, Spinnewijn, Johannes and Waseem, Mazhar (2015) Production versus revenue efficiency with limited tax capacity: theory and evidence from Pakistan. Journal of Political Economy, 123 (6). pp. 1311-1355. ISSN 0022-3808

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Identification Number: 10.1086/683849

Abstract

To fight evasion, many developing countries use production-inefficient tax policies. This includes minimum tax schemes whereby firms are taxed on either profits or turnover, depending on which tax liability is larger. Such schemes create nonstandard kink points, which allow for eliciting evasion responses to switches between profit and turnover taxes using a bunching approach. Using administrative data on corporations in Pakistan, we estimate that turnover taxes reduce evasion by up to 60–70 percent of corporate income. Incorporating this in a calibrated optimal tax model, we find that switching from profit to turnover taxation increases revenue by 74 percent without reducing aggregate profits.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/
Additional Information: © 2015 by The University of Chicago
Divisions: Economics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5601 Accounting
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
Sets: Departments > Economics
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2016 11:07
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2019 02:04
Projects: ES/J012467/1
Funders: Economic and Social Research Council
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/64916

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