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Making space for energy: wasteland development, enclosures, and energy dispossessions

Baka, Jennifer (2017) Making space for energy: wasteland development, enclosures, and energy dispossessions. Antipode, 49 (4). pp. 977-996. ISSN 0066-4812

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Identification Number: 10.1111/anti.12219

Abstract

This paper analyzes why and how wasteland development narratives persist through an evaluation of wasteland development policies in India from 1970-present. Integrating critical scholarship on environmental narratives and enclosures, I find that narratives of wastelands as “empty” spaces available for “improvement” continue because they are metaphors for entrenched struggles between the government’s shifting visions of “improvement” and communities whose land use practices contradict these logics. Since the 1970s, “improvement” has meant establishing different types of tree plantations on wastelands to ostensibly provide energy security. These projects have dispossessed land users by enclosing common property lands and providing forms of energy incommensurate with local needs, a trend I term “energy dispossessions.” Factors enabling energy dispossessions include the government’s increased attempts to establish public-private partnerships to carry out “improvement” and a “field of observation” constructed to obscure local livelihoods. Unveiling these logics will help to problematize and contest future iterations of wasteland development.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(IS...
Additional Information: © 2016 The Author. Antipode © 2016 Antipode Foundation Ltd.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Sets: Departments > Geography and Environment
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2015 13:16
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 15:46
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/64760

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