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Welfare states and environmental states: a comparative analysis

Gough, Ian ORCID: 0000-0002-0597-3106 (2016) Welfare states and environmental states: a comparative analysis. Environmental Politics, 25 (1). pp. 24-47. ISSN 0964-4016

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Identification Number: 10.1080/09644016.2015.1074382


A framework is presented for thinking about state intervention in developed capitalist economies in two domains: social policy and environmental policy (and, within that, climate-change policy). Five drivers of welfare state development are identified, the ‘five Is’ of Industrialisation: Interests, Institutions, Ideas/Ideologies, and International Influences. Research applying this framework to the postwar development of welfare states in the OECD is summarised, distinguishing two periods: up to 1980, and from 1980 to 2008. How far this framework can contribute to understanding the rise and differential patterns of environmental governance and intervention across advanced capitalist states since 1970 is explored, before briefly comparing and contrasting the determinants of welfare states and environmental states, identifying common drivers in both domains and regime-specific drivers in each. The same framework is then applied to developments since 2008 and into the near future, sketching two potential configurations and speculating on the conditions for closer, more integrated ‘eco-welfare states’.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2015 The Author
Divisions: Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2015 09:14
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2024 18:15
Projects: RES-000-22-3683, RES-000-22-3683
Funders: Economic and Social Research Council, Economic and Social Research Council

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