Burgess, Simon, Propper, Carol and Rigg, John A. (2004) The impact of low income on child health: evidence from a birth cohort study. CASEpaper, 85. Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
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There is a growing literature that shows that higher family income is associated with better health for children. Wealthier parents may have more advantaged children because they have more income to buy health care or because parental wealth is associated with beneficial behaviours or because parental health is associated with both income and children¿s health. The policy implications of these transmission mechanisms are quite different. We attempt to unpick the correlation between income and health by examining routes by which parental disadvantage is transmitted into child disadvantage. Using a UK cohort study that has rich information on mother¿s early life events, her health, her behaviours that may affect child health, and her child¿s health, we examine the impact of being in low income compared to that of mother child health related behaviours and mother¿s own health on child health. We find children from poorer households have poorer health. But we find the direct impact of income is small. A larger role is played by mother¿s own health and events in her early life. No clear role is played by mother child health production behaviours. Written with ALSPAC study team.
|Item Type:||Monograph (Discussion Paper)|
|Additional Information:||© 2004 Simon Burgess, Carol Propper and John Rigg|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||child health, income, maternal health, tranmission mechanisms|
|Library of Congress subject classification:||H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology|
|Journal of Economic Literature Classification System:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health|
|Sets:||Collections > Economists Online
Research centres and groups > Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines (STICERD)
Research centres and groups > Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion (CASE)
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