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Legislative activity and gridlock in the European Union

Crombez, Christophe and Hix, Simon (2015) Legislative activity and gridlock in the European Union. British Journal of Political Science, 45 (3). pp. 477-499. ISSN 0007-1234

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Identification Number: 10.1017/S0007123413000380


This article develops a game-theoretical model of European Union (EU) policy making that suggests that the amount of legislative activity depends on the size of the gridlock interval. This is consistent with Krehbiel's study of US politics. This interval depends on two factors: (1) the preference configuration of the political actors and (2) the legislative procedures used in a particular period. Actors’ preferences and procedures are not expected to have any effect beyond their impact on the gridlock interval. The study predicts smaller gridlock intervals, and thus more legislative activity, under the co-decision (consultation) procedure when the pivotal member states and the European Parliament (Commission) are closer to each other. More activity is expected under qualified majority voting in the Council than under unanimity. The results find support for these propositions in an empirical analysis of EU legislative activity between 1979 and 2009.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2014 Cambridge University Press
Divisions: Government
Subjects: J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
Sets: Departments > Government
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2015 09:10
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2020 01:59

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