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Electrification in the Mountain Kingdom: the implications of the Nepal Power Development Project (NPDP)

Sovacool, Benjamin K., Bambawale, Malavika Jain, Gippner, Olivia and Dhakal, Saroj (2011) Electrification in the Mountain Kingdom: the implications of the Nepal Power Development Project (NPDP). Energy for Sustainable Development, 15 (3). pp. 254-265. ISSN 0973-0826

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.esd.2011.06.005


This article explores implications of the Nepal Power Development Project (NPDP), a scheme funded by a consortium of multilateral donors, including the World Bank and the Government of Nepal, to promote gridconnected hydroelectricity, off-grid microhydro energy, and transmission and distribution upgrades. After explaining its methods of data collection – namely research interviews, field research, and a literature review – the article explores the specific components of the NPDPaswell as its progress to date. Themost successful part of the project focused on Microhydro Village Electrification and distributed more than 250 units to 50,000 households in less than ten years. The article thendelves into the delivered benefits of theNPDP before identifying a series of technical, economic, political, and social challenges. It concludes by highlighting how community involvement and mobilization, institutional diversity, reliance on simple technologies matched in proper scale to energy end-uses,maintenance and after sales service, flexibility, and restructuring can enhance the effectiveness of energy development programs.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2011 International Energy Initiative
Divisions: IGA: LSE IDEAS
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2015 15:52
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2021 03:42

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