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Public preferences for prioritizing preventive and curative health care interventions: a discrete choice experiment

Luyten, Jeroen, Kessels, Roselinde, Goos, Peter and Beutels, Philippe (2015) Public preferences for prioritizing preventive and curative health care interventions: a discrete choice experiment. Value in Health, 18 (2). pp. 224-233. ISSN 1098-3015

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jval.2014.12.007

Abstract

Background Setting fair health care priorities counts among the most difficult ethical challenges our societies are facing. Objective To elicit through a discrete choice experiment the Belgian adult population’s (18–75 years; N = 750) preferences for prioritizing health care and investigate whether these preferences are different for prevention versus cure. Methods We used a Bayesian D-efficient design with partial profiles, which enables considering a large number of attributes and interaction effects. We included the following attributes: 1) type of intervention (cure vs. prevention), 2) effectiveness, 3) risk of adverse effects, 4) severity of illness, 5) link between the illness and patient’s health-related lifestyle, 6) time span between intervention and effect, and 7) patient’s age group. Results All attributes were statistically significant contributors to the social value of a health care program, with patient’s lifestyle and age being the most influential ones. Interaction effects were found, showing that prevention was preferred to cure for disease in young adults, as well as for severe and lethal disease in people of any age. However, substantial differences were found in the preferences of respondents from different age groups, with different lifestyles and different health states. Conclusions Our study suggests that according to the Belgian public, contextual factors of health gains such as patient’s age and health-related lifestyle should be considered in priority setting decisions. The studies, however, revealed substantial disagreement in opinion between different population subgroups.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.valueinhealthjournal.com/home
Additional Information: © 2015 International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR)
Divisions: Social Policy
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Sets: Departments > Social Policy
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2015 09:11
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2019 02:00
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/61270

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