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Framing and blaming: discourse analysis of the Boko Haram uprising, July 2009

Roelofs, Portia (2014) Framing and blaming: discourse analysis of the Boko Haram uprising, July 2009. In: Pérouse de Montclos, Marc-Antoine, (ed.) Boko Haram: Islamism, politics, security and the state in Nigeria. West African Politics and Society Series (2). African Studies Centre (ASC) and French Institute for Research in Africa / Institut Français de Recherche en Afrique (IFRA-Nigeria), Leiden, the Netherlands ; Zaria, Nigeria, pp. 110-131. ISBN 9789054481355

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Abstract

Competing discourses are involved in a meta-conflict over the meaning of the Boko Haram uprising in northern Nigeria in July 2009. These discourses are characterised by different conceptions of the state. This study analyses the struggle over the meaning of the uprising, using the theoretical framework of ‘meta-conflict’ set out by Horowitz and Brass, and a discourse analysis methodology based on the work of Foucault, and Lakoff and Johnson. An analysis of media reports in the five weeks following the uprising reveals that embedded within reports on Boko Haram there are four competing conceptions of the state. The Socio-Economic discourse argues for the state as the provider of development, whereas the Political Agency discourse posits the state as the provider of order. The Religious Structural discourse emphasises the state’s secular role in containing expansionist Islam, and the Religious Agency discourse calls on the state to help mainstream Islam maintain control over deviant sects.

Item Type: Book Section
Official URL: http://www.ascleiden.nl/
Additional Information: © 2014 The Editor
Divisions: International Development
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Sets: Departments > International Development
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2014 11:15
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2016 12:06
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/59736

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