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Immigrant enclaves and crime

Bell, Brian and Machin, Stephen (2013) Immigrant enclaves and crime. Journal of Regional Science, 53 (1). pp. 118-141. ISSN 0022-4146

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Identification Number: 10.1111/jors.12003


We study the link between neighborhood immigrant concentration and crime in England. Over previous decades there has been a significant increase in the number of immigrant enclaves, where immigrants account for a substantial fraction of the local population. Using both recorded crime and self-reported crime victimization data, we find that crime is significantly lower in those neighborhoods with sizeable immigrant population shares. The effect is nonlinear and only becomes significant in enclaves. The crime reducing effect is substantially enhanced if the enclave is composed of immigrants from the same ethnic background. We discuss some possible mechanisms for the results we observe.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2013 Wiley Periodicals
Divisions: Centre for Economic Performance
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2014 15:37
Last Modified: 28 May 2024 19:39
Projects: RES-107-28-0001
Funders: Economic and Social Research Council

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