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Biomarkers and long-term labour market outcomes: the case of creatine

Böckerman, Petri, Bryson, Alex, Viinikainen, Jutta, Hakulinen, Christian, Pulkki-Raback, Laura and Raitakari, Olli (2014) Biomarkers and long-term labour market outcomes: the case of creatine. NIESR Discussion Paper, No. 425. National Institute of Economic and Social Research, London, UK.

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Abstract

Using the Young Finns Study (YFS) combined with the Finnish Linked Employer-Employee Data (FLEED) we show that quantities of creatine measured in 1980 prior to labour market entry affect labour market outcomes over the period 1990-2010. Those with higher levels of creatine (proxied by urine creatinine) prior to labour market entry spend more time in the labour market in the subsequent two decades and earn more. Creatine is not associated with high educational attainment. The associations between creatine and labour market outcomes are robust to controlling for other biomarkers, educational attainment and parental background. Creatine is a naturally occurring nitrogenous organic acid which supplies energy to body cells, including muscles. Our findings are consistent with high energy levels, induced by creatine, leading to productivity-enhancing traits such as a high propensity for effort, perseverance, and high-commitment.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: http://niesr.ac.uk/
Additional Information: © 2014 The Authors, NIESR
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Journal of Economic Literature Classification System: H - Public Economics > H1 - Structure and Scope of Government > H19 - Other
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
Sets: Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: No. 425
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2014 12:02
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/56950/

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