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India and the great divergence: an Anglo-Indian comparison of GDP per capita, 1600–1871

Broadberry, Stephen and Custodis, Johann and Gupta, Bishnupriya (2015) India and the great divergence: an Anglo-Indian comparison of GDP per capita, 1600–1871. Explorations in Economic History, 55. pp. 58-75. ISSN 0014-4983

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.eeh.2014.04.003

Abstract

Estimates of Indian GDP are constructed from the output side for 1600-1871, and combined with population data. Indian per capita GDP declined steadily during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries before stabilising during the nineteenth century. As British growth increased from the mid-seventeenth century, India fell increasingly behind. Whereas in 1600, Indian per capita GDP was over 60% of the British level, by 1871 it had fallen to less than 15%. These estimates place the origins of the Great Divergence firmly in the early modern period, but also suggest a relatively prosperous India at the height of the Mughal Empire. They also suggest a period of "strong" deindustrialisation during the first three decades of the nineteenth century, with a small decline of industrial output rather than just a declining share of industry in economic activity.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/explorations-in-e...
Additional Information: © 2015 Elsevier Inc.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
JEL classification: N - Economic History > N1 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Growth and Fluctuations > N10 - General, International, or Comparative
N - Economic History > N3 - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Income, and Wealth > N30 - Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Income and Wealth: General, International, or Comparative (Migration)
N - Economic History > N3 - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Income, and Wealth > N35 - Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Income and Wealth: Asia including Middle East
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O10 - General
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O5 - Economywide Country Studies > O57 - Comparative Studies of Countries
Sets: Departments > Economics
Collections > Economists Online
Date Deposited: 28 May 2014 10:52
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2015 00:00
Projects: SSH7-CT-2008-225342
Funders: European Commission's 7th Framework Programme for Research
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/56838

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