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Measures of causality in complex datasets with application to financial data

Zaremba, Anna and Aste, Tomaso (2014) Measures of causality in complex datasets with application to financial data. Entropy, 16 (4). pp. 2309-2349. ISSN 1099-4300

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Identification Number: 10.3390/e16042309


This article investigates the causality structure of financial time series. We concentrate on three main approaches to measuring causality: linear Granger causality, kernel generalisations of Granger causality (based on ridge regression and the Hilbert-Schmidt norm of the cross-covariance operator) and transfer entropy, examining each method and comparing their theoretical properties, with special attention given to the ability to capture nonlinear causality. We also present the theoretical benefits of applying non-symmetrical measures rather than symmetrical measures of dependence. We apply the measures to a range of simulated and real data. The simulated data sets were generated with linear and several types of nonlinear dependence, using bivariate, as well as multivariate settings. An application to real-world financial data highlights the practical difficulties, as well as the potential of the methods. We use two real data sets: (1) U.S. inflation and one-month Libor; (2) S&P data and exchange rates for the following currencies: AUDJPY, CADJPY, NZDJPY, AUDCHF, CADCHF, NZDCHF. Overall, we reach the conclusion that no single method can be recognised as the best in all circumstances, and each of the methods has its domain of best applicability. We also highlight areas for improvement and future research.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: © 2014 The Authors ; licensee MDPI
Divisions: Systemic Risk Centre
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Date Deposited: 13 May 2014 13:38
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2024 23:24

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