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How Islam influences women’s paid non-farm employment: evidence from 26 Indonesian and 37 Nigerian provinces

Spierings, Niels (2014) How Islam influences women’s paid non-farm employment: evidence from 26 Indonesian and 37 Nigerian provinces. Review of Religious Research, 56 (3). pp. 399-431. ISSN 0034-673X

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Identification Number: 10.1007/s13644-014-0159-0

Abstract

Studies on women’s employment in Muslim countries often mention Islam, but its influence is undertheorized and tests simply compare ‘Muslim’ women and areas to ‘non-Muslim’ women and areas. Here, multilevel analyses of Indonesia and Nigeria show this focus is not tenable: non-farm employment of Muslim women is not consistently lower than that of non-Muslim women, nor is it lower in Muslim-dominated provinces than in other provinces. A new theoretical frame conceptualizes religion’s influence in terms message and messenger. It is shown how different manifestations of Islam influence women’s non-farm employment, inside and outside the home. Empirically, the ideological strand of Islam is more important than differences between Islam and Christianity. In addition, when a conservative Islam is codified through Shari’a-based law women’s employment outside the home seems to be lower, but the presence of Islamic political parties seems to foster women’s access to the labor market through their focus on support for the poor.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://link.springer.com/journal/13644
Additional Information: © 2014 Religious Research Association, Inc.
Divisions: Sociology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
Sets: Departments > Sociology
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2014 10:52
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2020 05:22
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/56491

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