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What does “entrepreneurship” data really show?

Acs, Zoltan J., Desai, Sameeksha and Klapper, Leora F. (2008) What does “entrepreneurship” data really show? Small Business Economics, 31 (3). pp. 265-281. ISSN 0921-898X

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Identification Number: 10.1007/s11187-008-9137-7


In this paper, we compare two datasets designed to measure entrepreneurship: The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) dataset and the World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Survey (WBGES) dataset. We find a number of important differences when the data are compared. First, GEM data tend to report significantly higher levels of early stage entrepreneurship in developing economies than do the World Bank business entry data, while the World Bank business entry data tend to be higher than GEM data for developed countries. Second, we find that the magnitude of the difference between the datasets across countries is related to the local institutional and environmental conditions for entrepreneurs, after controlling for levels of economic development. Our findings suggest that entrepreneurs in developed countries have greater ease and incentives to incorporate, both for the benefits of greater access to formal financing and labor contracts, as well as for tax and other purposes not directly related to business activities.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2008 The Authors
Divisions: LSE
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
JEL classification: L - Industrial Organization > L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O10 - General
P - Economic Systems > P0 - General > P00 - General
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2014 13:15
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 00:43

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