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Entrepreneurship and policy: the national system of entrepreneurship in the European Union and in its member countries

Szerb, László, Acs, Zoltan J. and Autio, Erkko (2013) Entrepreneurship and policy: the national system of entrepreneurship in the European Union and in its member countries. Entrepreneurship Research Journal, 3 (1). pp. 9-34. ISSN 2194-6175

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Identification Number: 10.1515/erj-2012-0010


In this paper, we provide a brief review of how entrepreneurship policies have evolved and what implied conceptions of “entrepreneurship” underlie attempts to measure the phenomenon. We propose that a major shortcoming in policy thinking is the insufficient recognition that entrepreneurship, at a country level, is a systemic phenomenon and should be approached as such. To address this gap, we propose the concept of National Systems of Entrepreneurship that recognizes the systemic character of country-level entrepreneurship, and also recognizes that, although embedded in a country-level context, entrepreneurial processes are fundamentally driven by individuals. We then explain how the Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index methodology is designed to profile National Systems of Entrepreneurship. We apply the GEDI approach to examine the entrepreneurial performance of the European Union. According to the GEDI index, the EU countries reveal considerable differences in their entrepreneurial performance. Moreover, there are even larger differences over the 14 pillars of entrepreneurship. In addition to highlighting bottleneck factors, the index also provides rough indications on how much a country should seek to alleviate a given bottleneck. While there are numerous ways to improve entrepreneurship in the EU and its member states, we analyze only one simple situation. An important implication of the analysis is that uniform policy does not work, and the EU member states should apply different policy mixes to reach the same improvement in the GEDI points.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: © 2013 by Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Divisions: Management
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
JEL classification: M - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting > M1 - Business Administration
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2014 10:31
Last Modified: 16 May 2024 01:44
Projects: TÁMOP-4.2.1.B-10/2/KONV-2010-0002
Funders: European Union’s Social Renewal Operational Programme

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