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Does poor neighbourhood reputation create a neighbourhood effect on employment? The results of a field experiment in the UK

Tunstall, Rebecca, Green, Anne, Lupton, Ruth, Watmough, Simon and Bates, Katie (2014) Does poor neighbourhood reputation create a neighbourhood effect on employment? The results of a field experiment in the UK. Urban Studies, 51 (4). pp. 763-780. ISSN 0042-0980

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Identification Number: 10.1177/0042098013492230

Abstract

There are substantial variations in labour market outcomes between neighbourhoods. One potential partial explanation is that residents of some neighbourhoods face discrimination from employers. Although studies of deprived areas have recorded resident perceptions of discrimination by employers and negative employer perceptions of certain areas, until now there has been no direct evidence on whether employers treat job applicants differently by area of residence. This paper reports a unique experiment to test for a neighbourhood reputation effect involving 2001 applications to 667 real jobs by fictional candidates nominally resident in neighbourhoods with poor and bland reputations. The experiment found no statistically significant difference in employer treatment of applicants from these areas, indicating that people living in neighbourhoods with poor reputations did not face ‘postcode discrimination’ in the labour market, at the initial selection stage.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://usj.sagepub.com
Additional Information: © 2013 Urban Studies Journal Limited
Divisions: STICERD
Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Sets: Research centres and groups > Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines (STICERD)
Research centres and groups > Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion (CASE)
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2014 10:25
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2020 05:20
Funders: Joseph Rowntree Foundation
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/55913

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