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The association between socioeconomic status and changes in health in Europe

Kok, Renske, Avendano, Mauricio and Mackenbach, Johan P. (2008) The association between socioeconomic status and changes in health in Europe. In: Borsch-Supan, Axel, Brugiavini, Agar, Jürges, Hendrik, Kapteyn, Arie, Mackenbach, Johan P., Siegrist, Johannes and Weber, Guglielmo, (eds.) First Results From the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (2004-2007): Starting the Longitudinal Dimension. Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging (MEA), Mannheim, Germany, pp. 125-130. ISBN 9783000249693

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Numerous studies have found disparities in health between socioeconomic groups in modern societies (van Doorslaer, Wagstaff et al., 1997; Huisman, Kunst et al., 2004; Dalstra, Kunst et al., 2005). Many international studies targeted at measuring disparities in morbidity use self-perceived health as outcome, which is a broad, generic measure of health. Although many studies found that self-perceived health is a good predictor of mortality (Idler and Benyamini 1997), differences in reporting and expectations may influence this outcome. A more specific measure of morbidity is self-reported chronic diseases. Several country-specific longitudinal studies have examined socioeconomic disparities in chronic diseases such as heart disease and stroke (Mackenbach, Cavelaars et al., 2000; Avendano, Kunst et al., 2005). However, there are few European overviews of disparities in chronic disease incidence, as existing studies are based on cross-sectional data (Cavelaars, Kunst et al., 1998; Dalstra, Kunst et al., 2005) or mortality as an outcome (Mackenbach, Bos et al., 2003; Huisman, Kunst et al., 2004; Avendano, Kunst et al., 2005). Based on data from two waves of the SHARE study, this paper examines disparities between socioeconomic groups in incident chronic diseases, death, poor self-perceived health and disability. It is generally known that risk factors are not spread evenly over socioeconomic groups (Cavelaars, Kunst et al., 1998). Therefore, we also examined the association between socioeconomic status and incident health outcomes adjusting for modifiable risk factors.

Item Type: Book Section
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2008 Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging
Divisions: Social Policy
LSE Health
Lifecourse, Ageing & Population Health
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Sets: Departments > Social Policy
Research centres and groups > LSE Health
Research centres and groups > ALPHA (Ageing, Lifecourse and Population Health Analysis)
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2013 15:21
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2021 23:29
Funders: European Commission

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