Cookies?
Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

Reproductive history and mortality in late middle age among Norwegian men and women

Grundy, Emily and Kravdal, Øystein (2008) Reproductive history and mortality in late middle age among Norwegian men and women. American Journal of Epidemiology, 167 (3). pp. 271-279. ISSN 0002-9262

Full text not available from this repository.
Identification Number: 10.1093/aje/kwm295

Abstract

There is growing recognition that reproductive patterns may have long-term health implications, although most evidence is restricted to women. The authors used register data to derive fertility histories for all Norwegian men and women born in 1935–1958. Discrete-time hazard modeling was used to analyze later-life mortality by aspects of reproductive history. A total of 63,312 deaths were observed during 14.5 million person-years of follow-up in 1980–2003, when subjects were aged 45–68 years. Models included detailed information on educational qualifications and marital status. Odds of death relative to those for subjects with two children were highest for the childless (women: odds ratio (OR) = 1.50, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.43, 1.57; men: OR = 1.35, 95% CI: 1.30, 1.40) and next highest for those with only one child (women: OR = 1.31, 95% CI: 1.26, 1.37; men: OR = 1.20, 95% CI: 1.16, 1.24). Results for the parous showed a positive association between earlier parenthood and later mortality, a reverse association with late age at last birth, and an overall negative association between higher parity and mortality. The similarity of results for women and men suggests biosocial pathways underlying associations between reproductive history and health. The lack of any high-parity disadvantage suggests that in the “family friendly” Norwegian environment, the health benefits of having several children may outweigh the costs.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/
Additional Information: © 2008 Oxford University Press
Divisions: Social Policy
Lifecourse, Ageing & Population Health
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Sets: Departments > Social Policy
Research centres and groups > ALPHA (Ageing, Lifecourse and Population Health Analysis)
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2013 09:29
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2020 01:17
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/53789

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item