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Commerce in Côte d'Ivoire: Ivoirianisation without Ivoirian traders

Boone, Catherine (1993) Commerce in Côte d'Ivoire: Ivoirianisation without Ivoirian traders. Journal of Modern African Studies, 31 (1). pp. 67-92. ISSN 0022-278X

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Identification Number: 10.1017/S0022278X00011812


Côte D'Ivoire retains a central place in discussions on the development of African capitalism. Dramatic increases in agricultural and industrial production in the post-colonial period, coupled with the régime's unequivocally liberal and pro-capitalist discourse, contributed to the image of the Ivoirian state as aggressively promoting the expansion of local and foreign capital. By the late 1970s, it was clear that a select stratum of Ivoirians had amassed private fortunes in the industrial sector, agro-industry, and real estate. Less clear is the significance of this fact for understanding the internal dynamics and development trajectory of Ivoirian capitalism. The idea that the Ivoirian bourgeoisie diversified from its base in agriculture to become one of the most dynamic and influential business classes in sub-Saharan Africa remains plausible, but it evokes no consensus among analysts. Indeed, students of Ivoirian capitalism have been more inclined to argue that the state itself remains the main source of private fortunes, that local capital is thoroughly subordinated to foreign capital, and that indigenous business interests are ensnared in the clientelistic networks of the régime.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 1993 Cambridge University Press
Divisions: International Development
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2013 14:33
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2021 11:04

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