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The immutably mobile wasteland: how wasteland development policies are shaping modern land politics in India

Baka, Jennifer (2012) The immutably mobile wasteland: how wasteland development policies are shaping modern land politics in India. In: International Conference on Global Land Grabbing II, 17th-19th October 2012, Department of Development Sociology at Cornell University, Ithaca, NY..

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Abstract

Developing wastelands, an official government classification for marginal lands, has been central to India’s economic development and industrialization goals since the late 1970s. Beginning with Social Forestry in the 1970s and extending through the current wave of biofuel, climate change and Special Economic Zone (SEZ) policies, wastelands have come to be defined through government and civil society efforts as ‘empty’, ‘vacant’ lands available for development. However, local users and their associated livelihood activities are obscured from these framings. Instead, agriculturalists are presented as a stock of surplus labor and potential beneficiaries of wasteland development programs. Further, a host of new government agencies, commissions and committees have been established to manage, monitor and review wasteland development. In this process, the concept of wastelands has become an ‘immutable mobile’ that carries through time and presently sits unquestioned. In this paper, I unpack the history of how this came to be and how it might be undone given the significance of wastelands to present day land politics in India.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Official URL: http://www.cornell-landproject.org/
Additional Information: © 2012 The Author
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD100 Land Use
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD2329 Industrialization
Sets: Departments > Geography and Environment
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2013 09:13
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2017 12:58
Funders: Land Deals Politics Initiative (LDPI)
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/53031

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