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The typical Turing degree

Barmpalias, George, Day, Adam R. and Lewis-Pye, Andrew (2014) The typical Turing degree. Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society, 109 (1). pp. 1-39. ISSN 0024-6115

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Identification Number: 10.1112/plms/pdt065

Abstract

The Turing degree of a real measures the computational difficulty of producing its binary expansion. Since Turing degrees are tailsets, it follows from Kolmogorov's 0‐1 law that, for any property which may or may not be satisfied by any given Turing degree, the satisfying class will either be of Lebesgue measure 0 or 1, so long as it is measurable. So either the typical degree satisfies the property, or else the typical degree satisfies its negation. Further, there is then some level of randomness sufficient to ensure typicality in this regard. We describe and prove a large number of results in a new programme of research which aims to establish the (order theoretically) definable properties of the typical Turing degree, and the level of randomness required in order to guarantee typicality. A similar analysis can be made in terms of Baire category, where a standard form of genericity now plays the role that randomness plays in the context of measure. This case has been fairly extensively examined in the previous literature. We analyse how our new results for the measure‐theoretic case contrast with existing results for Baire category, and also provide some new results for the category‐theoretic analysis.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://plms.oxfordjournals.org/
Additional Information: © 2014 Oxford University Press
Divisions: Mathematics
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2013 11:50
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 00:48
Funders: National University of Singapore
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/51460

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