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Collective efficacy, deprivation and violence in London

Sutherland, A., Brunton-Smith, Ian and Jackson, Jonathan ORCID: 0000-0003-2426-2219 (2013) Collective efficacy, deprivation and violence in London. British Journal of Criminology, 53 (6). pp. 1050-1074. ISSN 0007-0955

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This paper examines the importance of neighbourhood context in explaining violence in London. Exploring in a new context Sampson’s work on the relationship between interdependent spatial patterns of concentrated disadvantage and crime, we assess whether collective efficacy (i.e. shared expectations about norms, values and goals, as well as the ability of members of the community to realize these goals) mediates the potential impact on violence of neighbourhood deprivation, residential stability and population heterogeneity. Reporting findings from a dataset based on face-to-face interviews with 60,000 individuals living in 4,700 London neighbourhoods, we find that collective efficacy is negatively related to police-recorded violence. But, unlike previous research, we find that collective efficacy does not mediate the statistical relationship between structural characteristics of the neighbourhood and violence. After finding that collective efficacy is unrelated to an alternative measure of neighbourhood violence, we discuss limitations and possible explanations for our results, before setting out plans for further research.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2013 The Author
Divisions: Methodology
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2013 10:21
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2024 00:09

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