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Uncovering selection bias in case-control studies using Bayesian post-stratification

Geneletti, Sara, Best, Nicky, Toledano, M. B., Elliott, Paul and Richardson, Sylvia (2013) Uncovering selection bias in case-control studies using Bayesian post-stratification. Statistics in Medicine, 32 (15). pp. 2555-2570. ISSN 0277-6715

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Identification Number: 10.1002/sim.5722

Abstract

Case-control studies are particularly prone to selection bias, which can affect odds ratio estimation. Approaches to discovering and adjusting for selection bias have been proposed in the literature using graphical and heuristic tools as well as more complex statistical methods. The approach we propose is based on a survey-weighting method termed Bayesian post-stratification and follows from the conditional independences that characterise selection bias. We use our approach to perform a selection bias sensitivity analysis by using ancillary data sources that describe the target case-control population to re-weight the odds ratio estimates obtained from the study. The method is applied to two case-control studies, the first investigating the association between exposure to electromagnetic fields and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in children and the second investigating the association between maternal occupational exposure to hairspray and a congenital anomaly in male babies called hypospadias. In both case-control studies, our method showed that the odds ratios were only moderately sensitive to selection bias.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(IS...
Additional Information: © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Divisions: Statistics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Q Science > QA Mathematics
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Sets: Departments > Statistics
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2013 16:06
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2019 10:34
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/50956

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