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Quantum probability theory

Rédei, Miklós ORCID: 0000-0001-5298-1443 and Summers, Stephen Jeffrey (2007) Quantum probability theory. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 38 (2). pp. 390-417. ISSN 1355-2198

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.shpsb.2006.05.006


The mathematics of classical probability theory was subsumed into classical measure theory by Kolmogorov in 1933. Quantum theory as nonclassical probability theory was incorporated into the beginnings of noncommutative measure theory by von Neumann in the early 1930s, as well. To precisely this end, von Neumann initiated the study of what are now called von Neumann algebras and, with Murray, made a first classification of such algebras into three types. The nonrelativistic quantum theory of systems with finitely many degrees of freedom deals exclusively with type I algebras. However, for the description of further quantum systems, the other types of von Neumann algebras are indispensable. The paper reviews quantum probability theory in terms of general von Neumann algebras, stressing the similarity of the conceptual structure of classical and noncommutative probability theories and emphasizing the correspondence between the classical and quantum concepts, though also indicating the nonclassical nature of quantum probabilistic predictions. In addition, differences between the probability theories in the type I, II and III settings are explained. A brief description is given of quantum systems for which probability theory based on type I algebras is known to be insufficient. These illustrate the physical significance of the previously mentioned differences.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2007 Elsevier Ltd.
Divisions: Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2013 15:38
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2024 19:24

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