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Self-fulfilling crises in the Eurozone: an empirical test

de Grauwe, Paul and Ji, Yuemei (2013) Self-fulfilling crises in the Eurozone: an empirical test. Journal of International Money and Finance, 34. pp. 15-36. ISSN 0261-5606

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2012.11.003


We test the hypothesis that the government bond markets in the Eurozone are more fragile and more susceptible to self-fulfilling liquidity crises than in stand-alone countries. We find evidence that a significant part of the surge in the spreads of the peripheral Eurozone countries during 2010–11 was disconnected from underlying increases in the debt to GDP ratios and fiscal space variables, and was associated with negative self-fulfilling market sentiments that became very strong since the end of 2010. We argue that this can drive member countries of the Eurozone into bad equilibria. We also find evidence that after years of neglecting high government debt, investors became increasingly worried about this in the Eurozone, and reacted by raising the spreads. No such worries developed in stand-alone countries despite the fact that debt to GDP ratios and fiscal space variables were equally high and increasing in these countries.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2013 Elsevier Ltd
Divisions: European Institute
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2013 11:10
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 00:47
Funders: Belgian National Science Foundation

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