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Carbon trading: unethical, unjust and ineffective?

Caney, Simon and Hepburn, Cameron (2011) Carbon trading: unethical, unjust and ineffective? Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement, 69. pp. 201-234. ISSN 1358-2461

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Identification Number: 10.1017/S1358246111000282


Cap-and-trade systems for greenhouse gas emissions are an important part of the climate change policies of the EU, Japan, New Zealand, among others, as well as China (soon) and Australia (potentially). However, concerns have been raised on a variety of ethical grounds about the use of markets to reduce emissions. For example, some people worry that emissions trading allows the wealthy to evade their responsibilities. Others are concerned that it puts a price on the natural environment. Concerns have also been raised about the distributional justice of emissions trading. Finally, some commentators have questioned the actual effectiveness of emissions trading in reducing emissions. This paper considers these three categories of objections – ethics, justice and effectiveness – through the lens of moral philosophy and economics. It is concluded that only the objections based on distributional justice can be sustained. This points to reform of the carbon market system, rather than its elimination.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2011 The Royal Institute of Philosophy and the contributors
Divisions: Grantham Research Institute
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2013 10:27
Last Modified: 16 May 2024 01:20

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