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Barriers to the implementation of green chemistry in the United States

Matus, Kira J. M., Clark, William C., Anastas, Paul T. and Zimmerman, Julie B. (2012) Barriers to the implementation of green chemistry in the United States. Environmental Science and Technology, 46 (20). pp. 10892-10899. ISSN 0013-936X

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Abstract

This paper investigates the conditions under which firms are able to develop and implement innovations with sustainable development benefits. In particular, we examine “green chemistry” innovations in the United States. Via interviews with green chemistry leaders from industry, academia, nongovernmental institutions (NGOs), and government, we identified six major categories of challenges commonly confronted by innovators: (1) economic and financial, (2) regulatory, (3) technical, (4) organizational, (5) cultural, and (6) definition and metrics. Further analysis of these barriers shows that in the United States, two elements of these that are particular to the implementation of green chemistry innovations are the absence of clear definitions and metrics for use by researchers and decision makers, as well as the interdisciplinary demands of these innovations on researchers and management. Finally, we conclude with some of the strategies that have been successful thus far in overcoming these barriers, and the types of policies which could have positive impacts moving forward.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/page/esthag/about.html
Additional Information: © 2012 American Chemical Society
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD61 Risk Management
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Journal of Economic Literature Classification System: L - Industrial Organization > L6 - Industry Studies: Manufacturing > L65 - Chemicals; Rubber; Drugs; Biotechnology
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development > O30 - General
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development > O38 - Government Policy
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q2 - Renewable Resources and Conservation > Q28 - Government Policy
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q3 - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation > Q38 - Government Policy
Sets: Departments > Government
Research centres and groups > Centre for Analysis of Risk and Regulation (CARR)
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2012 15:50
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/46709/

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