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Rewarding the fair and repairing the unfair: both group procedural justice and injustice may motivate group-serving behavior

Barry, Heather and Tyler, Tom R. (2010) Rewarding the fair and repairing the unfair: both group procedural justice and injustice may motivate group-serving behavior. In: Mannix, Elizabeth A., Neale, Margaret A. and Mullen, Elizabeth, (eds.) Fairness and Groups. Research on managing groups and teams(13). Emerald Group Publishing, Bingley, UK, pp. 63-94. ISBN 9780857241610

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Abstract

Purpose – This chapter reviews the authors’ research on group procedural justice and group-serving behavior. It makes the case that fairness and unfairness can both motivate group-serving behavior; the former makes group members feel good about their identity, leading them to “reward” the group, and the latter indicates a group shortcoming, leading members to “repair” the group. Design/methodology/approach – The chapter describes several studies published elsewhere. Correlational research with employees and students examines the relationship between group procedural fairness and group members’ positive affect, which should translate into group-serving behavior. Experimental research with students investigates whether group procedural unfairness can result in group-serving behavior (measured via self-report and observed helping). Complementary findings from other authors are briefly described and discussed in support of a developed theoretical model of group procedural justice and group-serving behavior. Findings – Group procedural fairness was more strongly related to arousing positive affect for strongly identified group members. Separately, strongly identified group members engaged in more group-serving behavior when their group had unfair rather than fair procedures. Research limitations/implications – Possible boundary conditions for the motivating effects of unfairness are discussed (e.g., group permeability, time frame, and anonymity of unfairness). Suggestions for future research are proposed (e.g., examine the effect of justice information on group-serving behavior when group members can also modify group procedures). Practical implications – Better understanding the effects of group procedural unfairness should influence how organizations and societies promote group-serving behavior. Originality/value – Research on the motivating effects of both group procedural fairness and unfairness are synthesized into one theoretical model.

Item Type: Book Section
Official URL: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/
Additional Information: © 2010 Emerald Group Publishing
Library of Congress subject classification: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Sets: Departments > Management
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2012 10:43
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/46290/

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