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The macroeconomic effects of housing wealth, housing finance, and limited risk-sharing in general equilibrium

Favilukis, Jack, Ludvigson, Sydney C. and Van Nieuwerburgh, Stijn (2012) The macroeconomic effects of housing wealth, housing finance, and limited risk-sharing in general equilibrium. Finance working papers, FIN-11-054. Leonard N. Stern School of Business, New York University, New York, USA.

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Abstract

This paper studies the role of time-varying risk premia as a channel for generating and propagating fluctuations in housing markets, aggregate quantities, and consumption and wealth heterogeneity. We study at wo-sector general equilibrium model of housing and non-housing production where heterogeneous households face limited opportunities to insure against aggregate and idiosyncratic risks. The model generates large variability in the national house price-rent ratio, both because it fluctuates endogenously with the state of the economy and because it rises in response to a relaxation of credit constraints and decline in housing transaction costs (financial market liberalization). These factors, together with a rise in foreign ownership of U.S. debt calibrated to match the actual increase over the period 2000-2006, generate fluctuations in the model price-rent ratio that explain between 80 and 100 percent of the increase in the national price-rent observed in U.S. data over this period. The model also predicts a sharp decline in home prices starting in 2007, driven by the economic contraction and by a presumed reversal of the financial market liberalization. Fluctuations in the model's price-rent ratio are driven by changing risk premia, which fluctuate endogenously in response to cyclical shocks, the financial market liberalization, and its subsequent reversal. By contrast, we show that the inflow of foreign money into domestic bond markets plays a small role in driving home prices, despite its large depressing influence on interest rates. Finally, the model implies that pro-cyclical increases in equilibrium price-rent ratios reflect rational expectations of lower future housing returns, not higher future rents.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Official URL: http://www.stern.nyu.edu/experience-stern/about/de...
Additional Information: © 2012 The Authors
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Journal of Economic Literature Classification System: E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment > E21 - Macroeconomics: Consumption; Saving; Aggregate Physical and Financial Consumer Wealth
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E4 - Money and Interest Rates > E44 - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
G - Financial Economics > G1 - General Financial Markets > G11 - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
G - Financial Economics > G1 - General Financial Markets > G12 - Asset Pricing; Trading volume; Bond Interest Rates
Sets: Departments > Finance
Collections > Economists Online
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: FIN-11-054
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2012 14:27
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/43132/

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